Spanish Grammar Guide

Present Conditional (e.g.: yo hablaría)

An Overview of the Present Conditional:

The present conditional has two main functions: a) to increase the  politeness of a statement or request, e.g.: Me gustaría venir ("I would like to come"); and b) to indicate a desired action that would happen under certain circumstances, e.g.: Lo haría si tuviera suficiente dinero ("I would do it if I had enough money"). As in the previous example, it is common to use the present conditional before or after a statement introducted by si. However, it does not immediately follow the word si (use the present, imperfect , or the imperfect subjunctive instead).

How to Form the Present Conditional

The present conditional is formed by attaching an ending to the end of the infinitive. This is illustrated in the following table:

present conditional Translation
(yo)  hablaría
"I would speak"
(tú) hablarías
"you would speak"
(el/ella/usted) hablaría "he, she, you would speak"
(nosotros) hablaríamos
"we would speak"
(vosotros) hablaríais "you would speak"
(ellos/elles/ustedes) hablarían
"they would speak"

A number of highly frequent verbs use a different stem for the conditional (the same one used for the future). For example,

  • salir, e.g.: (yo) saldría
  • querer, e.g.: (yo) querría
  • decir, e.g.: (yo) diría
  • hacer, e.g.: (yo) haría
  • valer, e.g.: (yo) valdría
  • tener, e.g.: (yo) tendría
  • caber, e.g.: (yo) cabría
  • saber, e.g.: (yo) sabría
  • poner, e.g.: (yo) pondría
  • venir, e.g.: (yo) vendría
  • poder, e.g.: (yo) saldría
  • haber, e.g.: (yo) habría

 

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