XPress: Spanish in 40 Hours

Basic Expressions

Here are the basic words/expressions that everyone needs to know. Once they have been mastered, you can focus on the other categories.

English Images Spanish Listen and Repeat
Write (r = response; f = first letter)
Hello Two students saying hello Hola  
Please Girl asking for somethin Por favor
 
Good-bye Older, Welcome, Greetings, The Hand Adiós  
I need I need Necesito  
I want I want Quiero  
Where is? Brother showing his sister where to go Dónde está  
My name is Modern name tag template Me llamo  
Help Tourists go up the hill in the sunrise. Ayuda  
Thank you Thanksgiving dishes with thankful woman Gracias  
When is ...? Hand with pen mark calendar Cuándo es
 
I am  I am Soy
I am sick  Person with a cold concept illustration Estoy enferma/o  
I am sorry  Young woman pleading Lo siento
 
yes  Decorative blue square contour checkbox green color tick approval confirmation chek mark internet symbol pictogram vector illustration  
no  Stop sign icon notifications that do not do anything. no  
Do you speak English?  Do you speak english lettering background Hablas inglés   ?
I have I have Tengo  
to eat Girl eating at the canteen dining table comer  
to drink  Boy drinking water beber  
The police  Police collection concept la policía  
The hospital  Hospital background design el hospital  
To lose  Failure business element set perder  
Money Money bag background design el dinero  
I like  I like Me gusta  
I don't like  I don't like No me gusta  
How much is  How much is Cuánto cuesta  

 

Basic Numbers/days

English Spanish Listen and Repeat
Write
zero cero  
one uno
 
two dos  
three tres  
four cuatro  
five cinco  
six seis  
seven siete  
eight ocho  
nine nueve
 
ten diez  
today hoy  
tomorrow mañana  
yesterday ayer  
Monday lunes  
Tuesday martes  
Wednesday miércoles  
Thursday jueves  
Friday viernes  
Saturday sábado  
Sunday domingo  
an hour una hora  
a day un día
 
a week una semana
 
tonight esta noche    

 

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Grammar Point: Present Tense

The present tense of a verb is formed by dropping the -ar (or -er or -ir) of the infinitive and using the appropriate ending. For example:

trabajar ("to work") > trabajo ("I work"); trabaja ("he/she works").

For some common verbs, the middle vowel changes as well. For example:

poder ("to be able") > puedo ("I can"); puede ("he/she can")

querer ("to want") > quiere ("he/she want").

You can find out more about the present tense of verbs here.

 

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