Spanish Vocabulary Guide


Weather (el tiempo)

Image result for weather

English Spanish Listen and Repeat
It's cold Hace frio
It's hot Hace calor
the weather el tiempo  
What is the weather like? ¿Qué tiempo hace?   ¿ ?
it's raining Llueve
the wind el viento  
the sun el sol  
the sky el cielo  
It's snowing està nevando  
It's nice out Hace buen tiempo  
the snow la nieve
an umbrella un paraguas  
winter el invierno  
spring la primavera  
summer el verano
fall el otoño  
the thunder el trueno  
the lightning el relámpago  
a storm una tormenta  
clouds las nubes  
an earthquake un terremoto  
a flood una inundación  


Helpful verbs

hacer ("is" when describing weather), llover ("to rain"), tener ("to be")

Hace buen tiempo = "It is nice out"
Llueve = "It is raining"
Tengo frio = "I am cold"
You can use the SpanishChecker Grammar Guide to test your knowledge on a wide variety of verbs and nouns.

Grammar Point: imperfect verb forms

The imperfect is used to describe a past action that took place over a period of time. It describes a past "situation" rather than a past "event", for example, Cuando era pequeño, me encantaban los caballos ("When I was young, I really loved horses").
Verbs ending in -ar (like hablar), form their imperfect by adding -aba, -abas, etc. (e.g.: Yo hablaba = "I was speaking"). Verbs in -er or -ir form their imperfect by adding -ía, -ías, etc. (e.g.: Yo hacía = "I was doing ..."). Some verbs, like ser, ("to be") have irregular imperfect endings. You can learn more about the imperfect here.
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Terry Nadasdi & Stéfan Sinclair


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