Spanish Vocabulary Guide

Colours and characteristics

Colours and descriptions (Los colores y las descripciones)

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English Spanish Listen and Repeat
red rojo
green verde
black negro  
white blanco  
blue azul  
yellow amarillo  
brown marron  
gray gris  
purple morado  
big grande  
small pequeño  
good bueno  
bad malo  
nice, kind simpático  
happy contento  
sad triste  
slow lento  
fast rápido  

More information about colours and other adjectives can be found here.

Helpful verb

ser ("be", permanent characteristics) and estar ("be", temporary characteristics), e.g.:

El libro es rojo = "The book is red"
Eres simpático = "You are nice"
Estoy enferma = "I am sick"
Estoy ocupada = "I am busy"
For a full description of the difference between ser and estar, see here
You can use the SpanishChecker Grammar Guide to test your knowledge on a wide variety of verbs and adjectives.

Grammar Point: "be" = ser/estar

Spanish uses the verbs ser and estar to mean "be". The verb ser tends to be used to describe permanent characteristics, e.g.: María es mi hija ("Maria is my daughter") and estar to indicate less permanent ones Mi amiga está enojado ("My friend is angry").
The verb estar tends to be used before the preposition en, e.g.: Paulo está en la cocina ("Paulo is in the kitchen"); ser tends to be used before the preposition de, e.g.: Soy de Canadá ("I am from Canada"). You can learn more about ser and estar here.
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Terry Nadasdi & Stéfan Sinclair


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